KwaZulu-Natal

Known as the "The Garden Province", Kwazulu-Natal was formed by the merging of KwaZulu (set aside by the Apartheid government as an intended as a semi-independent homeland for the Zulu people) and Natal Province. The long shoreline beside the Indian Ocean makes it an ideal water sport destination.
Created in 1994, after the end of Apartheid, by the merging of KwaZulu and Natala provinces; KwaZulu Natal is a melting pot of cultures. The northern part of what is now KwaZulu-Natal was occupied by the Zulu Kingdom during the 1830s and early 1840s, while the south was the Boer Republic of Natalia; until they merged in 1843 to form the British Colony of Natal. The colony acquired the Zulu land after the Zulu war in 1879. In 1910, the colony became a province of the Union of South Africa and in 1961 of the Republic of South Africa

People of black African descent, mostly Zulu, make up more than four-fifths of the population, while Asians of mostly Indian descent account for about one-tenth and whites of mostly European descent less than one-tenth.

People depend mainly on cattle raising and corn (maize) cultivation for their livelihood.

 Attractions to KwaZulu-Natal include golden beaches, rich Zulu culture, the awe inspiring Drakensberg mountains, spectacular scenery, exhilarating wildlife adventures, surf breaks and a lot more.

The Drakensberg: this region includes the Ukhahlamba-Drakensberg park with one of the country's highest basalt peaks and also the Bushmen rock paintings. It also has one of the world's highest waterfalls, Mont-aux-Sources.

Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park: popular for its Rhino conservation efforts, this park is also the oldest game park in Africa. Once the royal hunting ground for King Shaka, this game reserve has both black and white Rhino.

iSimangaliso Wetland Park: home to the highest concentration of crocodiles and hippos in Africa, Kosi bay still preserves the age old technique of fishing, using woven baskets. iSimangaliso means "miracle and wonder" in Zulu.

Sodwana Bay National Park
: one of South Africa's best diving destinations and the best place to join turtle tours.

Kwa Cheetah Breeding Project: understand the nature of cheetah and interact with them in this private game reserve.

Sani Pass: connects the Kingdom of Lesotho and KwaZulu-Natal. It is one of South Africa's most spectacular mountain roads. Experience the breathtaking views and a glimpse into the history of the San (Bushmen), who fled here to escape their persecutors.

Durban's Golden Mile: a busy beachfront connecting some of the major attractions in Durban. From restaurants, entertainment and sightseeing, this route has it all.

The KwaZulu-Natal Battlefields Route: knowledgeable guides take you on a historical journey filled with stories of heroism and bloodshed and the battles between the Boers, Zulus and the British.

Tatham Art Gallery, Pietermaritzburg: in the capital lies a gallery, which can quench an art lover's thirst with its impressive exhibits.
 



KwaZulu-Natal’s local cuisine comes from sugar cane fields, banana and pineapple plantations and sardine runs. It is an explosion of different cuisines and flavors influenced by the immigrants who have brought in their traditions to blend with each other.

For those who want to taste the authentic African cuisine, sample Mopani worms or stewed tripe, or fresh seafood and juicy steaks.

The Indians who came in as sugarcane farm workers during the 1860 brought with them the delicacy of mutton curry bunnies topped with mango pickle.

The Europeans introduced scones and sugar dusted shortbread.

KwaZulu-Natal has some of South Africa's coolest vineyards. The region’s Sauvignon Blancs that are currently promising are Pinotage, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay
Thanks to diverse and complex topography, KwaZulu-Natal has a varied climate. Generally, the coast is subtropical with inland regions becoming progressively colder.

Durban on the south coast has an annual rainfall of 1009 mm. January to March, daytime temperatures fall in the 21-28 °C (70-82 °F) range. In winter, June-August, daytime temperatures range from 11-23 °C (52-73 °F).

Temperature drops towards the hinterland, with Pietermaritzburg being similar in the summer, but much cooler in the winter.

Ladysmith in the Tugela River Valley reaches 30 °C (86 °F) in the summer, but may drop below freezing point on winter evenings.

The Drakensberg can experience heavy winter snow, with light snow occasionally experienced on the highest peaks in summer.

The Zululand north coast has the most warm climate and maximum humidity, supporting many sugar cane farms around Pongola.

KwaZulu-Natal is the only province in South Africa that is named after the most prominent ethnic group.

Natal is the Portuguese word for Christmas, since Portuguese explorer set eyes on Natal on Christmas day in 1497.

Durban's harbor is one of the 10 largest harbors in the world.

"Sardine Run" also referred to as "the greatest shoal on earth", is the migration of sardines from their spawning grounds south of the southern tip of Africa northward along the Eastern Cape coastline toward KwaZulu-Natal. The shoal of tiny fish stretches to many kilometers.

KwaZulu-Natal’s brown trout descend from a single spawn barrel sent from Scotland in 1890.