A UNESCO World Heritage Site, having one of the highest concentrations of rock art in Southern Africa dating back at least 13,000 years. The archaeological evidence at The Matobo Hills from the rock paintings indicate that the Matobo Hills have been occupied over a period of at least 500,000 years.
Visitors can find a large array of animals and birds in Matobo. Black and white rhinoceros, zebra, wildebeest, giraffe, kudu, eland, sable, klipspringer, leopard, hyena, cheetah, hippo, warthog, rock dassies, waterbuck, wildcat, springhare, common duiker, crocodiles, baboons and monkeys, to name a few!
The park is famous for its large concentration of black eagles, which can be seen perched atop the rock formations or soaring along the cliffs. Bird species that can be found include, fish eagle, martial eagle, francolin, secretary bird, weavers, pied crow and Egyptian geese.
Fish species readily found in this Park include, bass, bottle fish, bream, catfish and robustus.
The Park includes an Intensive Protection Zone where a large population of Black and White Rhinoceros are successfully breeding.
The paintings at Nswatugi Cave are some of the finest in the country and contain beautiful pictorial presentation of giraffe, eland and kudu. There are other areas of importance such as Bambata Cave, Inanke Cave and Silozwane Cave that display the excellent animal paintings.
The hills were formed over 2 billion years ago by granite being forced to the surface, this has eroded to produce smooth "whaleback dwalas" and broken kopjes, which can be observed all over the park.
There are a few other activities for visitors to enjoy:
Escorted walks for up to 6 people Pony trails Fishing Boating Game viewing Bird watching Hiking 33 miler road race - a unique marathon that is conducted at certain times of the year.
In 1868, after the death of the great king Mzilikazi at Ingama, Matabeleland (Zimbabwe) his only surviving son Lobengula was installed as king in 1870. But strife between contesting groups led to civil war that weakened the Ndebele Empire. British imperial expansion later caused the collapse of Ndebele power, but the Zimbabwean Ndebele language and culture survived.
Ndebele King of Mzilikazi, buried in the Matobo Hills, named the hills to mean 'bald heads'. The hills have great significance both spiritually and culturally and there are many sites within the park where important ceremonies still take place. The hills have unique balancing rock features, which add to the scenic beauty of an already exciting destination.